Big Sky, Bozeman Parents Sue Schools Over Forced Masking of Children

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Over a dozen Gallatin County parents filed suit last week against Bozeman and Big Sky school districts for forced masking of their children’s faces by school board trustees. The lawsuit includes Bozeman, Monforton, and Big Sky school districts as defendants in a suit seeking a temporary restraining order and an injunction against mandatory masking.

Stand Up Montana, the Bozeman-based non-profit included as a plaintiff in the Missoula schools lawsuit filed by parents, is also listed as a plaintiff in the Gallatin County complaint.

The parent’s suit advocates on behalf of their children’s own constitutional rights asserting that the school district has infringed on the children’s right to privacy, dignity, and free expression. The suit states that the government has not provided a “compelling” reason why masks should be required.

Plaintiffs’ legal bases spring from the Montana and U.S. Constitutions. Under federal constitutional law, Plaintiffs, as parents of minor children, have a fundamental liberty interest in the care, custody, and control of their children. Under Montana constitutional law, Plaintiffs, as legal guardians of their children, have a right to invoke their children’s fundamental constitutional rights. Defendants’ mask mandates infringe on the rights of Plaintiffs and their children to privacy, dignity, and free expression without the necessary showing of a compelling government interest in doing so. See, Art. II, §§ 4, 10, 15, and 34 Mont. Const. Defendants’ mask mandates are therefore unconstitutional and, to prevent irreparable harm, Plaintiffs seek injunctive relief.

Bozeman Parents vs Public Schools. Stand Up Montana. September 13, 2021.

As detailed in the suit, one parent with a child enrolled in Bozeman School District has kept their child at home to protect them from Bozeman School Board Trustees overreach. Another Bozeman School parent with a child who is medically exempt from wearing a mask stated that their child has a medical prescription to not wear a mask despite the school board forcing the mandate.

A parent of a Big Sky School student stated in the suit that masks are “theatrical props” that contribute nothing to public health and can cause medical issues such as periodontal disease and have deleterious effects on children’s mental health and brain development.

Another Big Sky plaintiff, a parent and 20+ year paramedic, stated that the type of masks and the way they are worn by children do not prevent the spread of viruses and because of the lack of scientific efficacy, should not be mandated by school board trustees.

The suit cites a mountain of evidence against masking and a startling lack of scientific evidence for masking. It also includes a copy of the emergency health rule from the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services published at the beginning of September as an exhibit that states that scientific efficacy for masking is inconclusive at best.

In the 33-page complaint the parents refute the narrative that masks work by pointing to CDC data on infections and mortality and existing data on mask effectiveness. Their points include:

  • That CDC data show that the flu is more deadly to those under 18 than COVID-19.
  • That mask mandates do not have any measurable effect in reducing transmissions.
  • That asymptomatic spread of the virus is extremely rare and very low in even moderate symptomatic cases (~5%).
  • That, ultimately, according to the New England Journal of Medicine, “desire for widespread masking is a reflexive reaction to anxiety over the pandemic.”
  • That randomized control studies conducted even before the pandemic indicated that face masks do not work for any influenza-like illness.
  • That lab-controlled environments showed at most moderate effectiveness of a surgical masks to keep out aerosolized virus particles with no rigorous evidence to show it has an effect on infections or hospitalizations.
  • The amount of particles emitted in a minute of speaking is about 700,000 and an infectious dose of the virus is about 300.
  • That the World Health Organization stated in interim guidance, “a mask alone, even when it is used correctly, is insufficient to provide adequate protection or source control.”
  • The WHO also stated that a mask “is insufficient to provide an adequate level of protection for an uninfected individual or prevent onward transmission from an infected individual (source control),” but they still recommend masking “despite the limited evidence of protective efficacy of mask wearing in community settings.”
  • The Centers for Disease Control guidance used to be consistent with WHO guidance until 2020.
  • That CDC justifications for mask policy include anecdotes from two hairdressers and a study where masks were used on mannequins in a lab-controlled environment.
  • CDC guidance that points out that masks won’t protect you from smoke particles which are larger than aerosolized virus particles.
  • Counties with mask mandates have worse outcomes than counties with no mask mandates.
  • Mask wearing has severe psychological side-effects in addition to physiological side-effects for children according to a study that found high percentages of headaches, fatigue, distractedness, and irritability amongst children.
  • People should be allowed to choose and not be coerced with little scientific evidence.
  • Masks are one-size-fits-all and do not consider someone’s existing immunity to the virus.
  • That the mask debate distracts from other important decisions.

The suit also says that the actions of the defendants have the effect of eroding the publics trust of county officials, medical professionals, and scientific information. It goes on to say that officials are creating a “boy who cries wolf” situation where the public will be skeptical of recommendations from these institutions when real threats emerge.

The suit also alleges incompetency on the part of Bozeman, Monforton, and Big Sky school board trustees noting that they had not provided any compelling government interest including providing compelling evidence that masks work to justify such an interest. The suit states that school board trustees did not “retain or rely upon” any competent professional (such as a virologist) to justify their mask policies.

The suit’s six counts against the school districts include: that the school districts are violating due process by forcing an unwanted medical treatment on an individual; that they are violating equal protection because while students are required to wear masks, the general population is not required to wear masks even though they are at a larger risk for infection; that they are violating privacy rights and the ability for parents to choose their own medical treatment; that continuing the mask mandate would be a violation of HB-400 which will give parents the ultimate authority to direct the health care of their child; that they are violating the human dignity of the parents and the children by hindering their ability to express and communicate with their face and their ability to decide how to appear in public; and that due to the lack of scientific evidence, wearing a mask is perceived as submission to the government and it violates parent’s and children’s ability to freely express their political viewpoints.

The lawsuit also seeks reimbursement for attorneys fees and any other relief the judge may deem appropriate.

The filing includes a 24-page affidavit used in another lawsuit against Missoula County from a biostatistician detailing how the metrics being used by health authorities are skewing the reality of the virus and do not present a compelling need for most of their responses to COVID-19.

“When it comes to showing that there’s a compelling government interest sufficient to overcome your constitutional right to make your own healthcare decisions, the burden of showing that falls on the government,” the attorney for the parents, Quentin Rhoades, said. “So they’re the ones that have to come in and show the proof that if we don’t mask these people up, they’re going to die. And they’re the ones that are going to have to convince the court that it’s a public health crisis and it can only be solved with masks.”

Read the suit below:


Roy McKenzie

Roy McKenzie has lived in Missoula since 2017 and runs his own software development company. Roy is the Editor of Missoula County Tyranny. Get in touch with him on Telegram.


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